Natural History MuseumNatural History Museum
from 6. 12. 2019 to 1. 6. 2020
The High Tatras (Tritri = a word of Slavic origin referring to rocky cliffs), despite their small size and modest altitude, do not have to be ashamed by world-famous mountains. They are eligible referred to as the smallest „big" mountains in the world.
Today's majestic and picturesque appearance of the Tatras, which as a precious natural gem sit high above the surrounding mountains and basins of Liptov and Spiš, is the result of hundreds of millions of years of competition between internal and external geological forces. The energy needed to create this beautiful natural architecture comes from processes that took place inside our planet, or from geological processes driven by solar energy, acting primarily on its surface. By the time reaching their present form, they alter between the shape of high mountains, plains, as well as the bottom of shallow or deeper seas where sediments were deposited and covered the remains of dead organisms and traces they left. These are often found in rocks as fossils. Over the millions of years, the sediments have been gradually transformed into a diverse set of more or less metamorphosed rocks, which, together with the deep magmatic rocks of the granite composition, constitute the basic building material of today's magnificent geological structure.
However, it should be noted that their place of origin could have been located in very remote areas. Similarly, as the material of historical buildings, often transported from various sites by the builders, so tectonic forces induced by the movement of lithospheric plates during geological history gradually moved building blocks of the "mountain jigsaw-puzzle" and embedded them into the current natural architecture of the Tatras. Architecture and art works created in different periods, differ in their style, as well as the individual geological periods left their imprint in the natural architecture of the Tatras. Geologists try to decipher and understand the complex geological history that created this unique natural gem by various scientific methods. One of such approach is documenting and unveiling evidences of geological processes through drawings and photographs of geological objects. Geophotography primarily motivated by scientific intention often overlaps with documentary or even artistic view.