Museum of HistoryMuseum of History
Unique Exhibits of Czech and Slovak Museums
from 12. 5. 2015 to 14. 6. 2015
|Golden bracelet of the Roman period from Zohor
The fact that the Slovak territory was neighbouring the Roman Empire in the first four centuries AD on the Danube was also reflected in the social conditions and the wealth of the local Germanic elite residing on the northern bank of the river. The incomparably higher standard of living of the Romans had also affected the barbarian elites who had financial means at their disposal to provide them with a high standard of living. An evidence of this statement is also a unique piece of jewellery – a bulky gold bracelet from a rich princely grave in Zohor (Malacky district, south-western Slovakia).
|The most famous ceramic statuette from the period of mammoth hunters – The Venus of Dolní Věstonice
The statuette of a woman is moulded from clay and fired. It was discovered in South Moravia, in Dolní Věstonice (thus “of Dolní Věstonice”). It is deposited in the collections of the Moravian Museum in Anthropos Institute. The statuette is 11.5 cm high, 4.4 cm wide and 2.8 cm thick. The Venus of Dolní Věstonice is the oldest (about 29 thousand years old) and also immensely valuable work of art made of ceramic in the world. It is one of the most significant works of art of hunters from the Older Stone Age – Palaeolithic Period.
|Stone head of a Celtic hero from Mšecké Žehrovice
…is one of the most important objects in the archaeological collection of the National Museum. The head has become one of the icons of Celtic (La Tene) art and is one of the most photographed Celtic monuments in the world. It was probably created at the end of the 3rd or at beginning of the 2nd century BC from a Central Bohemian marlstone and its design is the most perfect work of similar sculptures created outside of the classical civilizations.
|Iron meteorites from Opava-Kylešovice
World-unique is the discovery of several pieces of iron meteorites in the former Lundwall brickworks in Opava-Kylešovice. Noteworthy are the circumstances of the discovery – the meteoric irons lay in the cultural layer of Palaeolithic hunters’ settlement from the culture epigravettian, while the locality with flint stone tools dates to the period of 18,000 years ago. The question is whether the Palaeolithic hunters were the direct witnesses of the meteorite fall or whether they collected its fragments some time afterward.