Andrej Kmeť Museum

The Turiec nature exposition is divided into two units. The first part of the exposition, devoted to inanimate nature, presents the individual periods of geological development of the Turiec region and adjacent mountains in the form of reconstruction of the environment and occurrence of the geological period in region, including samples of rocks, minerals and fossils typical for individual geological periods.

The part of the exposition devoted to living nature is presented from the ecological point of view in the form of individual biotope formations. They are classified according to the altitudinal vegetation zones, geological bedrock, method and intensity of impact of human activity and water regime. The respective plant and animal species are installed in dioramas that represent the habitat of each biotopes. The species composition is complemented by showcases with exhibits of vertebrates, invertebrates, fungi and herbarium items of the plants.

The authors of the exposition chose a unique approach to their artistic resolution, corresponding to the latest world trends. Unique exhibits from the museum's collections were set in impressive reconstructions of the respective environments, creating both attractive and content-rich units, complemented by a number of interactive elements.

Lifeless nature

The first part of the exposition presents individual periods of geological development of the Turiec region and adjacent mountain ranges.

Each showcase consists of a graphical part, in which a specific geological period is presented in the form of a reconstruction of the environment, the occurrence of a geological period in Turiec, a paleogeographic map of the world, a stratigraphic (time) table, simple text and photographs.

The second part of the showcases presents samples of rocks, minerals and fossils, typical for individual geological periods. In the central part of the room there is a cylindrical showcase. Along the margins are there minerals from the central Slovak mining area. Inside it is installed a diorama of cave with skeletal remains of a cave bear.

Living nature

The part of the exposition devoted to living nature is presented from the ecological point of view in the form of individual biotope formations. They are classified according to the altitudinal vegetation zones, geological bedrock, method and intensity of impact of human activity and water regime. The respective plant and animal species are installed in dioramas that represent the habitat of each biotopes. The species composition is complemented by showcases with exhibits of vertebrates, invertebrates, fungi and herbarium items of the plants.
Basic as well as specific ecological links in habitats are presented by means of graphs and diagrams.

Beech forests
They are the most widespread biotope formation in Turiec, the most valuable of which are natural forests type of the primaeval forest and forests with the occurrence of the yew tree (Taxus baccata) – a relic from the Tertiary period. In the diorama is installed type of blossomy beech forest in the spring. Diverse mushroom communities are an integral part of healthy forest ecosystems. Communities of animal species of beech forests in the temperate climate zone are among the most numerous. Animals linked to the habitat of one tree are presented in a separate showcase.

Relict calciphile pine forests and rocks
They represent the remnants of the once widespread expansion of pine forests in after-ice ages. In mosaic with rocky habitats has created the conditions for life of specific species of plants and animals, including many relict and endemic species. The diorama depicts a rocky biotope on the dolomites with vegetation of southern and northern slopes.

Spruce forests
Mountain spruce forests form a belt below the climatic upper limit of the forest. Spruce forests are home to animals that originally inhabited the vast northern taiga. Ecologically unstable artificial spruce monocultures are weakened by various wood decaying fungi. The diorama shows a biotope of the blueberry spruce forest in the period of late summer. Separate showcase is dedicated to vertebrate skulls.

Biotops above the upper limit of the forest
They consist of stands of original and dwarfed pines, mountain and subalpine meadows, which originated during Wallachian colonization. Rare are islets – enclaves of natural alpine vegetation with the occurrence of several remains of ice age and arctic-alpine species. They are inhabited by animals able to withstand extreme conditions such as intense radiation, low temperatures and limited amount of food. The biotopes of dwarfed pines and mountain meadows are depicted in two separate dioramas.

Cultural steppe
It represents a man-made forest-free formation in the Turčianska basin, which consists of a mosaic of fields, meadows, pastures and settlements. Due to its character it partly reminds the conditions of the original steppes, so these places are inhabited by many steppe organisms. The diorama of meadows and pastures captures various plant communities based on soil moisture change.

Human settlements
In the diorama of human settlements, the problem of so-called synanthropic organisms is outlined, which has adapted to life in the vicinity of man. With human activity is also related the problem to the spread of invasive plants and animals that force out our native species.

Wetlands
Wetlands are the most endangered habitats type, and at the same time they host specific, very diverse and extremely rare communities. The first diorama presents a rare biotope of a travertine spring area with a mountain sttream. Diorama of flowing water represents the river Turiec with its original and unique character. Still water habitats are characterized by a rich occurrence of waterfowl and other animal species. A specific habitat is a rare, more than 10,000-year-old peat-bog of the high-bog type, which only occurs in Turiec on the ridge of Martinské hole.

Kmetianum exposition

The history and mission of the Slovak National Museum through the most precious and the most intriguing museum – a collection object – is presented by the Kmetianum exposition. A representative selection from all scientific fields, which represents the treasury of the collection, tells more than one hundred and twenty years of the history of the Slovak National Museum, as well as the stories of the personalities who formed it.

In memory of the most important person – Andrej Kmeť, the founder and the first chairman of the Museum Slovak Society, already in the 1930s a natural science exposition bearing his name was to be created.

However, the original natural science exposition Nature of Turiec (1979) and the exposition Kmetianum (1998) at the Andrej Kmeť Museum became a partial fulfillment of this idea.These efforts were finally fulfilled in the new exhibitions available in 2017.

The first building of the Slovak National Museum was built in Martin on the initiative of the Museum Slovak Society. The foundation stone was ceremonially laid on August 8th, 1906 in the presence of the first MSS chairman Andrej Kmeť. The construction was carried out by the company Palkovič – Hlavaj – Uličný, designed by architect Milan Michal Harminc. It was financially covered by the Museum Slovak Society, while nearly half of the costs were covered by public collection. After the construction (1907), were made available to the public in 1908 on an area of 780 m2, the first nationwide historical, archaeological, numismatic, paleontological, mineralogical, botanical and zoological exhibitions, including an extensive picture gallery and library.

During its long and turbulent history, the building has undergone several changes, including changes in the purpose of use and the owner. In 1948 it became the property of the state, which in 1964 created here the Turčianske museum of Andrej Kmeť. In 1995 it was declared a national cultural monument, since 1996 it has been a part of the Slovak National Museum again.


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Where to find us?

Andrej Kmet Museum (Múzeum Andreja Kmeťa)
A. Kmeťa 20
Martin, Slovakia

e-mail: andrej.bendik@snm.sk