This youngest museum in Slovakia focuses on the history and culture of ethnic Ruthenians living in Slovakia. It is a specialized institution focusing on acquisition, protection and scientific and specialized processing of the museum’s collections. Its role is also to make the museum’s collections accessible for the public because they document the material and spiritual culture of Ruthenians living in the Slovak Republic and around the world.

The museum is engaged in museum documentation of science, culture, arts and technology of ethnic Ruthenian citizens living in Slovakia as well as those living abroad, which qualifies it as one of the international consulting centers among countries with Ruthenian population. The museum has elaborated its publishing scheme which focuses primarily on documentation of testimonies and memories of persons covering the whole range of fields relating to the Ruthenian minority living in Slovakia. Each year, it will develop and edit a summary of the work by authors covering Ruthenian topics and multicultural relations, as well as the social and cultural reality common within the territory of Slovakia, which together with other countries forms a part of a globalizing world. The goal of the museum staff is to gradually develop a multilingual catalogue of acquired exhibits, to focus attention on promotional materials and to acquire funding for museum activities from various sources, even international ones, and undertake further activities for the benefit of the museum.

The Museum of Ruthenian Culture in Prešov was established under relatively difficult socio-economic and legal circumstances. The acceptance of the will of Ruthenian citizens took the form of a decision by the Slovak Ministry of Culture to establish an independent organizational unit – the Museum of Ruthenian Culture as part of a restructuring of the Slovak National Museum on January 1, 2007. The museum was opened to the public on February 21, 2008 as a multi-functional facility operating in temporarily rented premises.

The Museum works at the new headquarters from 1st June 2012 (Masarykova 20, 08001 Prešov).

The SNM - MRC in Prešov Permanent Exhibitions  Ruthenian history in Slovakia -  open until start of the building reconstruction.

It was established on January 1, 2007 and it will celebrate its 10th anniversary in 2017.